NABAL

NABAL (Heb. נָבָל; connected with the Ar. nabīl, "noble"), man of the town of Maon who owned much livestock near the neighboring town of Carmel, southeast of Hebron on the edge of the desert of Judah; a Calebite (I Sam. 25:3; keri and versions). David extended his protection to Nabal's flocks when he was camping with his men in the desert of Judah (25:14–16). Nabal refused to give him a "gift" out of his produce at the time of the sheep-shearing (25:10–11). abigail , Nabal's beautiful wife, appeased David and dissuaded him from taking revenge (25:18ff.). Her husband, she said, punning on his name, "as his name is, so is he; Nabal (נָבָל) is his name and outrage (נְבָלָה) is with him" (25:25). After Nabal's death by a stroke, she became   Plan of the synagogue at Naarah, sixth century C.E., with drawing of the mosaic floors in the nave and in the narthex. Based on Encyclopaedia of Archaeological Excavation in the Holy Land, Jerusalem, 1970. Plan of the synagogue at Naarah, sixth century C.E., with drawing of the mosaic floors in the nave and in the narthex. Based on Encyclopaedia of Archaeological Excavation in the Holy Land, Jerusalem, 1970.   David's wife (I Sam. 25:42). This tale is one of the finest narratives in the Bible and is a faithful description of the life of the prosperous cattlemen on the border of the desert of Judah. (Yohanan Aharoni) -In the Aggadah In the Aggadah Nabal is referred to as a descendant of Caleb in order to compare his own illustrious ancestry to that of David who was descended from Ruth the Moabitess (TJ, Sanh. 2:3,   20b). He denied God, had idolatrous thoughts and was guilty of unchastity. Like laban , the letters of whose name are identical with those of Nabal, he was a scoundrel (Mid. Ps. 53:1). Ten days intervened between his illness and his death (I Sam. 25:38) because he had given food to each of David's ten men (I Sam. 25:5; RH 18a); or because these were the Ten Days of Penitence, when God hoped that Nabal would repent (TJ, Bik. 2:1, 64d). According to another opinion, however, Nabal was smitten more than a week after Samuel died, his death being delayed in order to avoid any confusion between the mourning for a righteous man and a wicked one (Mid. Ps. 26:7).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nabal — ist eine männliche Figur aus dem Tanach, der Hebräischen Bibel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Etymologie 2 Biblische Erzählung 3 Verfilmung 4 Einzelnachweise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • nabal — o nabar m. Campo de nabos. * * * nabal. adj. nabar. U. t. c. s. * * * ► adjetivo Relativo a los nabos, o que se hace con ellos. ► masculino Tierra sembrada de nabos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nabal [1] — Nabal, reicher, geiziger Israelit in Naon u. in Karmel; stieß gegen David grobe Injurien aus, als derselbe für seine Leute Proviant von ihm haben wollte, wurde jedoch durch sein Weib Abigail, welche ohne N s Wissen Lebensmittel in eigener Person… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nabal [2] — Nabal, bei den Hebräern die Harfe, s.d. 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nabal [3] — Nabal, so v.w. Nashorn …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Nabal [4] — Nabal, Stadt in Tunesien (Nordafrika), in sehr fruchtbarer Gegend, nahe an der Küste gelegen, hat sehr viele Töpfereien, 9 Moscheen u. 8000 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • NABAL — vir ditissimus, qui cum Davidi esurienti escasdenegâsset, eum ita iratum reddidit, ut in animo haberet, domum eius evertere, fecissetque, nisi Abigail eius uxor obviam progressa, eum placâsset. Obiit decimô post die, quô auditô David Abigaelem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • nabal — s. m. Terreno semeado de nabos.   ‣ Etimologia: nabo + al …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • nabal — adj. nabar. U. t. c. s.) …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Nabal — For other uses, see Nabal (disambiguation). According to the 1st Book of Samuel Chapter 25, Nabal (נבל), was a rich Calebite[1] who was also described as being harsh and surly. David (who was not yet king) and his band of men who had been… …   Wikipedia

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